JAPANESE KARATE TERMS - What you'll hear
& Dojo (Class) Guide
These Japanese Karate terms are used throughout class and will help to familiarise yourself
Rei - Bow
|Yoi||Be ready. Used to call students to shizen-tai before an exercise|
|Yame||Stop, Come to a halt|
|Yasume||At ease, relax|
Budokan - Ayase, Tokyo
|Zenkutsu dachi||Front stance|
|Kiba dachi||Straddle stance|
|Kokutsu dachi||Back stance|
|Gedan||Lower Area of the body|
|Chudan||Chest/solar plexus area|
|Hidari||Left side of target area|
|Migi||Right side of target area|
|Gedan barai||Downwards block, lower sweeping block|
|Jodan age uke||Upper (face) block|
|Chudan soto uke||Outside middle block|
|Chudan uchi uke||Inside middle block|
|Shuto uke||Hand block|
|Oi zuki||Lunge punch|
|Gyaku zuki||Reverse punch|
|Empi uchi||Elbow strike|
|Uraken uchi||Back fist strike|
|Shuto uchi||Hand strike|
|Mae geri||Front kick|
|Mae geri keage||Front snap kick|
|Mae geri kekomi||Front thrust kick|
|Yoko geri||Side kick|
|Yoko geri keage||Side snap kick|
|Yoko geri kekomi||Side thrust kick|
|Mawashi geri||Roundhouse kick|
|Ushiro geri||Back kick|
|Mikazuki geri||Crescent kick|
|1 Ichi||6 Roku|
|2 Ni||7 Shichi|
|3 San||8 Hachi|
|4 Shi||9 Ku|
|5 Go||10 Ju|
Karate training is based largely on the development of discipline and respect. Observing etiquette is a fundamental expression of the respect that is due to the dojo, the instructors, and your fellow students. With this in mind, the following should be observed:
- When entering or leaving the dojo, stop at the door, face the dojo and bow.
- If you arrive late do not enter the dojo during meditation; wait until warm-up begins.
- When lining up, do so quickly and quietly.
- Always acknowledge instruction - say "osu" or "thank you". Juniors should not hesitate to ask seniors for assistance.
- Do not talk unnecessarily during class.
- While adjusting your karate-gi do it facing away from the front of the room and away from Sensei.
- Before leaving the dojo during class for whatever reason ask permission of an instructor.
- Come to class in a clean uniform (unless, as a beginner, you have not yet obtained a karate-gi).
- As a courtesy, speak to Sensei if you anticipate an extended leave of absence. Regular attendance is encouraged but we are realistic about conflicts that may arise from school and work.
Why do students bow at the beginning and end of class?
WSKF Sedai observes some of the traditions of the martial arts that have their roots in the Japanese culture. As part of the preparations for training we clean the floor, then kneel and meditate to clear and focus our minds. Some people may use this time to control their breathing or to think about the techniques that they will be trying to improve. We then bow in the direction of shomen (the front of the dojo). This bow is a symbolic gesture of our promise to train hard and observe the Dojo Kun, and is a personal acknowledgement that training has begun. Bowing to Sensei and the black belts is a sign of respect. There is a similar procedure at the end of class, except that the bow in the direction of shomen indicates that training has ended and symbolizes that students will not forget the Dojo Kun. These procedures may be different than what is practiced in other martial arts or other Karate dojos. At WSKF SEDAI we follow the tradition that “Karate begins and ends with a bow”.
Basic karate workout consists of four main parts:
A basic familiarity with class procedure is helpful to new members, so the following description is presented:
- Kihon (basic blocks, strikes, and kicks)
- Kihon-ippon kumite (basic techniques practiced with a partner)
- Kata (traditional forms)
Senior instructors bring considerable diversity of experience and speciality to the classes they teach and on occasion the emphasis of a given class can take its own specific skill set.
General Information for novices/beginners
While waiting for class to begin, students can warm-up and stretch. Class officially begins when Sensei calls to line up. All students line up in order of seniority, in rows from right to left according to rank. Each student should ensure that they are directly behind someone when in line; and if not form another row starting from the right side.
Sensei says "seiza" where students kneel; then "mokuso" which begins a brief period of meditation (eyes closed) affording a student the opportunity to clear and focus their minds in preparation for training. Sensei then announces an end to meditation with "mokuso yame" and says "shomen ni rei", where students bow to the front.
Next, Sensei turns to face the class. The senior student says, "Tominaga Sensei ni rei" - and students then bow and say "onegai shimasu" [please teach/guide me]. The black belts then turn to face the class. The senior kyu belt says, "Sempai ni rei" - and the kyu belts bow and say "onegai shimasu" [please teach/guide me]. Class warm-up follows immediately.
Classes end much the same way except when bowing to Sensei and the black belts, the class says "arigato gozaimashita" [thank-you very much].
Position taken for brief medication period before and after training
JOINING IS EASY
We are available to answer all of your queries - please do not hesitate.
Speak to an Instructor or contact us through the contact details on this site